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27 "It provides the necessary basis for the civil law" (CCC #1959), for civil law forbids many acts, such as rape and torture and slavery, because they are morally wrong and harmful to human nature's health and flourishing. ... Divorce is a grave offense against the natural law. No culture in history has thought that love, kindness, justice, honesty, courage, wisdom, or self-control was evil — or that hate, cruelty, injustice, dishonesty, cowardice, folly, or uncontrolled addiction was good. Broadly understood, natural law refers to a range of moral theories that rely on rational discernment of the natural order as a means of telling good from evil. . 24 Cf. 2066 The division and numbering of the Commandments have varied in the course of history. 1980 The Old Law is the first stage of revealed law. III. It expresses the dignity of the person and determines the basis for his fundamental rights and duties: 1957 Application of the natural law varies greatly; it can demand reflection that takes account of various conditions of life according to places, times, and circumstances. The Catholic Church teaches that such acts are always violations of divine and natural law." "For Christ is the end of the law, that everyone who has faith may be justified" (Rom 10:4). We don't need religious faith or supernatural divine revelation to know that we're morally obligated to choose good and avoid evil or to know what "good" and "evil" mean. 6 GS 89 § 1. 1986 Besides its precepts the New Law includes the evangelical counsels. Catholicism and Natural Moral Law Catholicism and Natural Moral Law A pillar of the Catholic set of laws is its understanding of natural moral law, which addresses laws that aren’t written but nevertheless known by all men and women who have the use of reason. "Such an ordinance of reason is what one calls law."2. Perhaps St. Paul knew of or even recalled the words of Cicero selected by the Church to grace the pages of her Catechism when he wrote his epistle to the Romans: "For when the Gentiles who do not have the law by nature observe the prescriptions of the law, they are a law for themselves even though they do not have the law. SECTION ONE MAN'S VOCATION LIFE IN THE SPIRIT CHAPTER TWO THE HUMAN COMMUNITY. "The natural law, present in the heart of each man and established by reason, is universal in its precepts and its authority extends to all men" (CCC #1956). . Rom 7:12,14,16. The Decalogue is a light offered to the conscience of every man to make God's call and ways known to him and to protect him against evil: 1963 According to Christian tradition, the Law is holy, spiritual, and good,14 yet still imperfect. For example, the Church teaches that artificial contraception is against the natural law, not because it's a rational human intervention rather than an irrational biological process, but because it's contrary to right reason. It is a necessary foundation for the erection of moral rules and civil law. . There are two foundational points upon which the Church bases its natural law theory: 1) God has created the natural law, and 2) the natural law is manifested in the human person. It is the work of Christ and is expressed particularly in the Sermon on the Mount. Mt 7:13-14,21-27. This sentence of latae sententiae excommunication applies to any Catholic who denies that abortion is gravely immoral, regardless of whether they keep this denial hidden or publicly reveal it. 1962 The Old Law is the first stage of revealed Law. 1982 The Old Law is a preparation for the Gospel. It works through charity; it uses the Sermon on the Mount to teach us what must be done and makes use of the sacraments to give us the grace to do it: 1967 The Law of the Gospel "fulfills," refines, surpasses, and leads the Old Law to its perfection.21 In the Beatitudes, the New Law fulfills the divine promises by elevating and orienting them toward the "kingdom of heaven." Natural Law. It was envisioned as a document which the faithful can turn to if they are in doubt whether the Church teaches something, and whether Catholics must therefore believe it, as well. . The natural law is written and engraved in the soul of each and every man, because it is human reason ordaining him to do good and forbidding him to sin . ARTICLE 2 PARTICIPATION IN SOCIAL LIFE. Because of sin, which it cannot remove, it remains a law of bondage. There are three forms of the virtue of chastity: the first is that of spouses, the second that of widows, and the third that of virgins. 20 St. Augustine, De serm. 1,1:PL 34,1229-1230. This law is called "natural," not in reference to the nature of irrational beings, but because reason which decrees it properly belongs to human nature: 1956 The natural law, present in the heart of each man and established by reason, is universal in its precepts and its authority extends to all men. Jer 31:31-34. . The term "natural law" is sometimes misunderstood. . . If you’ve appreciated, The Journey: A Spiritual Roadmap for Modern Pilgrims, Prayer: The Great Conversation: Straight Answers to Tough Questions About Prayer, Philosophy 101 by Socrates: An Introduction to Philosophy Via Plato's Apology, Before I Go: Letters to Our Children About What Really Matters. Image of his Creator error '' ( Pius XII ) evangelical counsels drawn! That is, what we ought to do is based on what we are rule! 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